Durban Declaration on REDD

Durban, South Africa
9 September 2015

We, local communities, peasants movements, Indigenous Peoples and civil society organizations from Africa and all over the world, call upon the United Nations, the World Forestry Congress, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Bank and states to reject top-down forms of development, including false solutions to climate change and forest and biodiversity conservation that only serve the dominant market economy.

We are united to oppose and reject the commodification, privatization and plunder of Nature, which include REDD+ and other market-based mechanisms including biodiversity and conservation offsets that put profit above the well-being of humanity and the planet.

These mechanisms include the “financialization of nature,” which commodifies, separates and quantifies the Earth’s cycles and functions of carbon, water, forest, fauna and biodiversity – turning them into “units” to be sold in financial and speculative markets. However, Mother Earth is the source of Life, which needs to be protected, not a resource to be exploited and commodified as a ‘natural capital.’  

REDD+ is also the pillar of the Green Economy. REDD+ is being misleadingly billed as saving the world’s forests and climate and is the anticipated main outcome of the UN’s Paris Accord on climate change in December 2015. In addition, REDD+ is a false solution to climate change that is already including forests, plantations and agriculture in the carbon market.

Reports show that deforestation and the related emissions continue, and that REDD+, instead of reducing them, is harming and vilifying forest-dependent communities and those who produce the majority of the world's food – small scale farmers. Furthermore,


Therefore, we join with the No REDD in Africa Network and the Global Alliance against REDD to demand that governments, the United Nations and financial institutions stop the disastrous REDD+ experiment and finally start addressing the underlying causes of forest loss and climate change!
Put forward by the No REDD in Africa Network (NRAN) and the Global Alliance Against REDD, with endorsement and support by the following. To be presented to the World Forest Congress 2015, the UNFCCC COP21 and beyond:


  1. No REDD in Africa Network
  2. Global Alliance Against REDD
  3. Indigenous Environmental Network
  4. Justica Ambiental – Friends of the Earth Mozambique
  5. All India Forum of Forest Movements, India
  6. Carbon Trade Watch
  7. CENSAT Agua Viva – Friends of the Earth Colombia
  8. Womin (Women in Mining), South Africa
  9. Foundation Help/Tanzania
  10. Centre for Civil Society/University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban
  11. Democratic Left Front
  12. Health of Mother Earth Foundation, Nigeria
  13. Fundaexpresion, Colombia
  14. Vasundhara, India
  15. SRDS Subdarban, India
  16. Envirocare, Tanzania
  17. COECOCEIBA – Friends of the Earth Costa Rica
  18. The Development Institute, Ghana
  19. Censat Agua Viva – Amigos da Terra Colombia
  20. Afrikagrupperna, Sweden
  21. Grassroots Global Justice Alliance, United States
  22. Just Transition Alliance,  United States
  23. Border Agricultural Workers Project Border, Texas
  24. The Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy
  25. Hasan Mehedi
  26. Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network (CLEAN)
  27. Khulna, Bangladesh
  28. ETC Group
  29. Oakland Institute, United States of America
  30. Community Alliance for Global Justice
  31. Family Farm Defenders
  32. Indian Social Action Forum (INSAF)
  33. All India Union of Forest Working People
  34. WILPF US Section
  35. Geasphere
  36. Leave it in the Ground Initiative (LINGO)
  37. Indigenous Perspectives, India
  38. Global Justice Ecology Project Anuradha Mittal
  39. Khulna, Bangladesh
  40. Biowatch, South Africa
  41. Timberwatch
  42. All India Union of Forest Working People
  43. Focus on the Global South
  44. The Corner House, United Kingdom
  45. Friends of the Earth International
  46. Partners for the Land and Agricultural Needs of Traditional Peoples
  47. Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria
  48. Attac France
  49. FoE France
  50. Friends of the Siberian Forests, Russia
  51. Indigenous Perspectives, India
  52. EcoNexus UK
  53. Biofuelwatch
  54. Maendeleo Endelevu Action Program (MEAP)
  55. Fundación Solon
  56.  World Rainforest Movement
  57. groundWork – Friends of the Earth South Africa
  58. Friends of the Earth Africa
  59. Trust for Community Outreach and Education, South Africa.
  60. Rural Women’s Assembly (Southern Africa)
  61. People's’s Dialogue International
  62. Development Exchange (IDEX)
  63. Marea Creciente Mexico – Rising Tide Mexico
  64. Marea Creciente Ecuador – Rising Tide Ecuador
  65. Caravana Climatica por America Latina
  66. Center for Earth Jurisprudence
  67. Other Worlds, United States of America
  68. Finnish Asiatic Society Soil Generation of Philadelphia


  1. Peter Newell, Professor of International Relations, University of Sussex, United Kingdon
  2. Pascoe Sabido, Researcher and Campaigner
  3. Dr. Michael K Dorsey
  1. Ruben Solis, University Sin Fronteras, San Antonio Tx and Atlanta Georgia, United States of America
  2. Reynaldo Padilla, Caribbean Institute of Social Movements, Puerto Rico-San Juan
  3. Michelle Pressend, South Africa
  4. Brian Tokar, Institute for Social Ecology, Vermont, United States of America
  5. Elizabeth Henderson, organic farmer, Peacework Organic CSA, New York, United States of America
  6. Leon Spencer, former Executive Director, Washington Office on Africa
  7. Joshua Dimon, researcher
  8. Peter Steudtner, Germany
  9. Lucia Jofrice, Moçambique
  10. Kirtrina Baxter, United States of America
  11. Jim Kirkwood, Africafiles
  12. Cristian Guerrero, Quito, Ecuador
  13. Ruth Nyambura, Kenya
  14. Boaventura Monjane, Moçambique

Signatures are open until November 30, 2015.

[1] REDD (Reducing  Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) is a global initiative to create a financial value for the carbon stored in forests and all other ecosystems to compensate governments and companies or owners of forests  and agriculture in developing countries not to cut their forests or to reduce their rate of deforestation and forest degradation as a market mechanism to avoid GHG emissions. REDD+ expands REDD to develop methods for carbon sequestration through conservation of forest (and wetlands, agricultural systems) carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries.