There are three ways in which environmental injustice is imposed on people. In the first place, people are polluted, their environments are degraded and they are coerced into working for less than it costs them to live. In the second place, people are dispossessed and common resources or public goods are privatised. Thirdly, people are excluded from the political and economic decisions that lead to their being polluted or dispossessed.
The institutions of the market are specifically designed to remove decision making from the public sphere and so exclude all who do not have an interest in profit. Thus, those who are dispossessed or who carry the externalised costs of production are prevented from contesting the theft or contamination of their resources.